How to Add Swap Space on CentOS 7 Print

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How to Add Swap Space on CentOS 7:

Swap is a space on a disk that is used when the amount of physical RAM memory is full. When a Linux system runs out of RAM, inactive pages are moved from the RAM to the swap space.


Swap space can take the form of either a dedicated swap partition or a swap file. In most cases when running CentOS on a virtual machine a swap partition is not present so the only second option is to create a swap file.


You can follow below step to add a swap file on CentOS 7 systems


Before proceeding with this following step, check if your CentOS installation already has swap enabled by typing:

$ sudo swapon --show

If the output is empty, it means that your system does not have swap space enabled.


Otherwise if you get something like below, you already have swap enabled on your machine.

Output



NAME      TYPE      SIZE USED PRIO

/dev/dm-1 partition 1.5G   0B   -1

Although possible, it is not common to have multiple swap spaces on a single machine.


Creating a Swap File:-


The user you are logged in as must have sudo privileges to be able to activate swap. In this guide, we will add 1G of swap, if you want to add more swap, replace 1G with the size of the swap space you need.


Follow the steps below to add swap space on a CentOS 7 system.


First, create a file which will be used as swap space:

$ sudo fallocate -l 1G /swapfile


If the 
fallocate utility is not available on your system or you get an error message saying fallocate failed: Operation not supported, use the following command to create the swap file:

$ sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1024 count=1048576


Ensure that only the root user can read and write the swap file by setting the correct 
permissions :

$ sudo chmod 600 /swapfile


Next, set up a Linux swap area on the file:

$ sudo mkswap /swapfile


Run the following command to activate the swap:

$ sudo swapon /swapfile


Make the change permanent by opening the 
/etc/fstab file:

$ sudo nano /etc/fstab

and pasting the following line:

/etc/fstab
/swapfile swap swap defaults 0 0

Verify that the swap is active by using either the swapon or the free command as shown below:

$ sudo swapon --show
Output

NAME      TYPE  SIZE   USED PRIO
/swapfile file 1024M 507.4M   -1
$ sudo free -h
Output

              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:           488M        158M         83M        2.3M        246M        217M
Swap:          1.0G        506M        517M

Swappiness Value:

The default swappiness value on CentOS 7 is 30. You can check the current swappiness value by typing the following command:

$ cat /proc/sys/vm/swappiness
Output

30


For example, to set the swappiness value to 10, type:

$ sudo sysctl vm.swappiness=10


To make this parameter persistent across reboots append the following line to the 
/etc/sysctl.conf file:

/etc/sysctl.conf

vm.swappiness=10

Removing a Swap File:

Deactivating the swap space by typing:

$ sudo swapoff -v /swapfile


Next, remove the swap file entry 
/swapfile swap swap defaults 0 0 from the /etc/fstab file.

Finally, delete the actual swapfile file with rm :

$ sudo rm /swapfile

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